“Urban Planning is critical, its importance can be seen at NCR’s two main cities, Noida and Gurgaon. Their basic infrastructures and the town planning differ a lot. On one hand Gurgaon suffers with regular traffic logjam even in a slightest of the rain, Noida, on the other hand, enjoys wide sector roads and proper sewer systems”
Delhi NCR has always been one of the prime real estate markets in India. The location has its own advantages. Apart from being the hub of all political activities, it is a cluster of major cities which, together house offices of almost all the major companies operating in India. Though NCR is expanded to many miles, it is primarily five cities which comprise the majority of its operations. The cities are Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon, Faridabad and Ghaziabad.
Indeed, together these cities enjoy great strengths, but what about them when compared individually! Out of all these, Gurgaon and Noida are the two important cities which have done fairly well in last one-one and half decades. Though Gurgaon had location advantages since the beginning which helped it emerge as a preferred destination for MNCs, it has started losing its charm due to lack of basic amenities. Noida, on the other hand, has picked up momentum in last few years; many MNCs have shifted their corporate base to Noida and Greater Noida due to well structured urban planning.
Urban planning is one of the very important aspects that decide the course of development of a city. It involves a technical and political process concerned with the development and use of land, protection, and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks. Overall, it is the process to design and develop the foundation of a city. The recent incident of water logging in Gurgaon where the entire city came to a standstill for more than 20 hours is the best example of poor Urban Planning.
Generally, it is the responsibility of Department of Town and Country Planning to design and develop these amenities. In Gurgaon, this responsibility, somehow, shifted to developers. Whereas, in Noida the authority develops the road, drainage, sewer and other infrastructures. Once these are done, the land is allotted to the developer.
Noida is far ahead in terms of basic infrastructure a city requires. It can safely be compared with Chandigarh, one of the best-planned cities in India. It only lacked supporting infrastructures like Metro Rail, airport and highways. Fortunately, all these developments are happening in Noida as well. The city has operation Metro Rail connectivity, three highways passing through it and a proposed international airport in Jewar, 72 Kms away from Noida.
With these infrastructures in place and better planned urban amenities, Noida and Greater Noida are giving a tough fight to Gurgaon. Unfortunately, once termed as ‘Millennium City’, Gurgaon is slowly getting buried under its own mess.
The author is a real estate consultant. Views are personal.