by Anushree Ghosh,
Development under NDA
Modi government initiated several infrastructure projects in the last 5 years— health, education, water supply, roadways, railways, etc. The government not only pushed the stalled plans but executed some fresh plans for the infra-development of the country. The government has acted on many fronts at the same time.
Here are the top 10 infrastructure projects by the Modi government:
- Eastern Peripheral Expressway: It is a 135-km stretch that is India’s first highway lit by solar power. It was inaugurated on 27 May 2018 by Prime Minister Modi. The total cost of the project is estimated to be Rs 11,000 crore and was completed in 17 months. It was meant to reroute the traffic from Delhi to the other nearby states. Almost 10,000 trucks have begun using it, thereby reducing the traffic in Delhi.
- UDAN (Ude Desh ka Aam Nagrik): 25 new airports were added under the NDA regime with initial funding of ₹45,000 million. Regional connectivity has been increased by connecting many unserved places. This has helped many Indians to fly for the first time who never got an opportunity due to financial constraints. As a result, more Indians have travelled by air than trains.
- Chennai-Nashri Tunnel: The tunnel was inaugurated on 2nd April 2017 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and is the longest in India with a length of 9.28 km. It took almost 5 years to construct the tunnel.
- Setu Bharatram project: 208 rail over bridges with a cost of around Rs. 20,800 crores were to be built initially. 90 bridges were sanctioned and 24 were led to execution.
- Nuclear Reactors: 10 nuclear reactors of 700MW each were approved by the NDA government. Also, after an amendment of the Atomic Energy Act 1972, a joint venture for setting up plants has become an option. Rs. 3000 crore every year is to be allocated for the research required for expanding nuclear power.
- Steel: The Union Minister of Steel in an interview published by Economic Times, said –
“The output reached to 102.19 MT in FY2017-18 from 81 MT in FY2013-14 and the employment in the sector and allied sectors increased from 20 lakh in FY2013-14 to 25 lakh in FY2017-18. A number of PSUs including Steel Authority of India Ltd (SAILNSE 2.42 %) have turned profitable.”
- Ayushman Bharat Programme: Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Medical and Research was recently inaugurated by PM Modi. It is aimed for providing free services to the poor and was built as a cost of Rs. 750 crore. It is also the first paperless hospital in India.
- Establishment of IITs: From 2014-2018 14 new IITs have been set-up. The cost of establishing new IIITs in 2010 was estimated to be around 128 crores. Financial responsibility was divided between the central government, state government and industry partners.
- The National Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY): was launched on 21 January 2015 with the aim of conserving the heritage of the cities by making it a part of urban development. 20 projects of worth Rs. 140.14 crores were completed in 2018 —cities include Varanasi, Ajmer, Amaravati, Amritsar and Dwarka.
- Amrut Scheme: It was launched in 2015 with the aim of providing all the citizens with accessible tap water and sewerage facilities and other such amenities. 20 per cent of the total projects were completed by Jan 2019. The AMRUT scheme was allocated Rs. 6000 crore in 2018-19.